National Centre of Excellence for Military Mental Health

Our ongoing research

Frontline UK Staff – if you are UK frontline CV-19 staff, please do join in our anonymous study by clicking here.

Upcoming studies

We are carrying out research of moral injury in veterinarians - if you are a UK registered veterinarian or veterinary nurse, please take part in our anonymous study by clicking here.

Our feasibility study to develop a treatment manual for moral injury- related mental health difficulties is currently underway. More information will follow on how you can get involved in this research soon! In the meantime, if you have any questions, email Prof Neil Greenberg.

Our latest publications

Impact on wellbeing

  1. Williamson, V., Stevelink, S. A., & Greenberg, N. (2018). Occupational moral injury and mental health: systematic review and meta-analysis. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 212(6), 339-346. doi: 10.1192/bjp.2018.55
  2. Williamson, V., Greenberg, N., & Murphy, D. (2021). Predictors of moral injury in UK treatment seeking veterans. Child Abuse & Neglect. doi:
  3. Williamson V, Murphy D, Stevelink SA, et al. (2021) Family and occupational functioning following military trauma exposure and moral injury. BMJ Mil Health. doi: 10.1136/bmjmilitary-2020-001770
  4. Williamson, V., Murphy, D., Stevelink, S. A., Allen, S., Jones, E., & Greenberg, N. (2020). The impact of trauma exposure and moral injury on UK military veterans: a qualitative study. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 11(1),1704554. doi: 10.1080/20008198.2019.1704554
  5. Williamson, V., Greenberg, N., Bowden, G., Rothenfluh, D., Nnadi, C., & Reynolds, J. (2020). The mental health impact of providing spine care during COVID-19. The Spine Journal. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2020.04.019
  6. Greenberg, N., Docherty, M., Gnanapragasam, S., & Wessely, S. (2020). Managing mental health challenges faced by healthcare workers during Covid-19 Pandemic. BMJ, 368.
  7. Williamson, V., Murphy, D., Castro, C., Vermetten, E., Jetly, R., & Greenberg, N. (2020). Moral injury and the need to carry out ethically responsible research. Research Ethics. doi:

Implications for treatment

  1. Williamson V, Murphy D, Phelps A, Forbes D and Greenberg N. (2021). Moral injury: the effect on mental health and implications for treatment. Lancet Psychiatry. doi:
  2. Williamson, V., Murphy, D., Stevelink, S. A., Allen, S., Jones, E., & Greenberg, N. (2021). Delivering treatment to morally injured UK military personnel and Veterans: The clinician experience. Military Psychology. doi:
  3. Williamson, V., Murphy, D., & Greenberg, N. (2020). COVID-19 and experiences of moral injury in front-line key workers. Occupational Medicine. doi: 10.1093/occmed/kqaa052
  4. Williamson, V., Murphy, D., Stevelink, S. A. M., Jones, E., Wessely, S., & Greenberg, N. (2020). Confidentiality and psychological treatment of moral injury: the elephant in the room. BMJ Mil Health. doi: 10.1136/bmjmilitary-2020-001534

Support for moral injury

Headline photo by Ümit Bulut on Unsplash.

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